HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS

This virus interferes with the body’s ability to fight infections by compromising the immune system

📌Where did this virus come from?

Discovered from chimpanzees in Central Africa(Simian HIV)…Humans got exposed to their blood while hunting these animals for meat

📌The burden of this disease???

More than 100 thousand cases per year (Nigeria)

📌Individuals at  a higher risk

Age group(adolescents,youths)

Health workers

Sex workers

Drug abusers

📌 Route of Transmission

By blood products (unclean needles or unscreened blood).

By having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

By mother to baby by pregnancy, labor, or nursing

📌How will one know he/she has the infection?

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging always required

📌 Can it be cured?

Treatment can help(Antiretroviral therapy)but this condition can’t be cured

📌How can it be prevented??

Abstinence

Be faithful to one partner

Use of Barriers(condoms)

Pre exposure and post exposure prophylaxis

Avoid the use of previously used sharp objects

Know your HIV status today! This disease no dey show for face…

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